Bauhaus School (1919 – 1933)

The Bauhaus was one of the most well known and influential modernist art schools of the 20th century. Founded in Germany 1919, by Walter Gropius and is known for a new and unique way of teaching, as well as its ambition of creating a unification between the fine and applied arts. The school also consisted of a variety of artists that included Paul Klee,  Johannes Itten, Marcel Breuer and off course Walter Gropius himself.

The Bauhaus school was extremely structured and placed great emphasis on organised study which is astonishingly, still practiced in the modern era. Bauhaus theory, was the preliminary course that was introduced students which included material study, colour theory and other formal relationships before they entered into specialised workshops. These workshops included metalworking, weaving, typography, pottery, carpentry and wall painting. In 1923, Gropius eventually began to place emphasis on designing for mass production when the school coined the slogan ‘Art into Industry’.

In 1925, the Bauhaus school was relocated to Dessau where Gropius designed an all new building for the school. The new building contained several revolutionary features of pre-modernist architecture such as steel-frame construction, a glass curtain wall and a pinwheel floor-plan. This building also incredibly, was keen on the efficient use of interior space seen in the way classrooms, studio space and administrative areas where distributed across the campus.

The typography workshop came into being under the tutelage of Laszlo Moholy-Nagy and graphic designer Herbert Bayer. For the first time in history, typography was seen not only as a clear means of communication but also as a channel for artistic expression. Typography as a result, became more associated with corporate identity and advertising as the combination of sans serif typefaces, incorporation of photography made for visually appeasing promotional materials.

The influence of the school extended across the world with its faculty members upon its closure in 1933 when the Nazis came into power. Gropius taught at the Graduate School of Design of Harvard University and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy formed the Institute of Design in Chicago. Max Bill, who was a noted Bauhaus student, later played a crucial role in the worldwide emergence and spread of geometric abstraction.

Bauhaus Artwork

Bauhaus, Dessau (near Berlin), Germany - iconical masterpiece of modern architecture designed in 1925 by Walter Gropius

Bauhaus, Dessau (1925), Walter Gropius, Germany

bayer_universal_1925

Universal Bauhaus (1925), Herbert Bayer, Germany

Bauhaus Inspired Artwork

IMG_0211 (2) copy

Bauhaus Inspired Desk Toy

Modern-Architecture

Bauhaus Inspired Modern Architecture

References

http://www.architectweekly.com/2012/12/why-was-bauhaus-style-so-important.html

https://www.behance.net/gallery/4655755/Essay-on-the-work-and-life-of-Herbert-Bayer

http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Bauhaus.html

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